B. Modeling, Partner Practice, and Independent Practice: Writing a Short Evidence-Based Constructed Response (25 minutes)
Note: This entire activity takes 25 minutes total. See the italicized subheadings and suggested pacing below. Adjust to meet the needs
of your class.
- Distribute the Evidence-Based Constructed Response sheet.
- Post this question on the board or a document camera:
* “How does persistence help Salva survive in a difficult environment?”
* “What is persistence?
- Define the word if they cannot. It means “the ability to stick with something even if it is very hard.” Use a quick example such as this one: “When you want something from you parents, do you ask and ask and ask? If so, you are being persistent!” Use this as an opportunity to reinforce parts of speech: persistence is the noun, persistent is the adjective describing someone who shows persistence, and persist is the verb, the act of sticking with something that’s hard.
Modeling (5 minutes)
- Tell students you will briefly model for them how they might write a short constructed response to answer how Salva’s persistence in the face of a challenge helped him survive. To do this, you are going to share a handy way for them to use and explain quotes. It is called a Quote Sandwich.
- Display the Quote Sandwich graphic on a document camera or the board. Explain what is in each of the three sections of this sandwich: context (what is going on in the story at this time), quote from the scene, and explanation (how the quote shows persistence).
- Display your quote with the page number. Have students turn to that page.
- Share the example on the Evidence-Based Constructed Response sheet while students read along with you.
- Then, using the Quote Sandwich, have them draw squares around the part of your example that represents the bread, middle, and bread of your Quote Sandwich. They should label each of the three levels of your sandwich.
- Have them turn to a partner and explain why they drew the boxes where they did.
- Discuss the following example:
* [Salva’s persistence is one factor in how he survives in a difficult environment. One place in the text where we see this is when Salva is crossing the desert with a group of refugees. This is a long, difficult crossing that will take at least three days. On the first day, Salva’s only pair of shoes falls apart. He has to decide how to cope with this.] TOP PIECE OF BREAD
* [The author writes, “After only a few minutes, Salva had to kick off the flapping shreds and continue barefoot.” (52)] SANDWICH FILLING
* [Salva’s taking off his shoes shows real persistence. Instead of just giving up, he decides to go barefoot
to continue his hike across the desert. Because of his persistence, Salva is able to continue and to survive.]
BOTTOM PIECE OF BREAD
Partner Practice (10 minutes)
- Once you have modeled the process, prompt students to turn to Chapter 11 in A Long Walk to Water and say:
* “Now that you see what you need to do, please work with your Discussion Appointment by Khartoum to find a section and quote from Chapter 11, 12, or 13 that you can use to show Salva’s persistence.”
- If needed, clarify that the word spare, as it is used as an adjective in this context, means “lean, trim, or short.” While the class is working, circulate to be sure students are selecting a quote that shows persistence. Tell them that at this point, they are just talking. They will write their response on their own in a few minutes.
- After 5 minutes or so, have two or three pairs share their section and quote with the class.
Independent Practice (10 minutes)
- Instruct students to use the Evidence-Based Constructed Response sheet to write their answer to the question about Salva’s persistence. Remind them that they should give a quote followed by the page where it is found in the book and explain how it shows Salva’s persistence in the face of a challenge.
- Circulate to observe students as they write, noting patterns of strength or confusion. Provide additional guided practice with individuals as needed. You might ask a student to explain how the quote shows persistence or what they think persistence is and how a person might show it.